One in three jobs goes to London
Of a 434,900 increase in employee jobs in the UK between 2013 and 2012, 135,300 were in London and 299,300 in the rest of the UK. In growth terms, London employment was up 3.0 per cent and the rest of the UK by 1.3 per cent. The North East, part of the Government’s ‘One North’ initiative, showed the lowest growth on the year of 0.6 per cent.
These figures are drawn from the ONS’s superb infographic that accompanies their release of 2013 figures on employment by region and industry (based on the business register and employment survey; note that as the figures exclude the self-employed).
A slightly longer run of data (obtained on request from the ONS) shows virtually all growth in employees since 2009 concentrated in London. Strikingly, 2013 was the first year when the rest of the UK showed any material gain. The cumulative changes are shown on the chart – with London employment up 10 per cent and the rest of the UK basically flatlining.
UK Employees, index 2009=100
When looking at figures over the year by industry, tellingly, the ONS compare London with the rest of the UK rather than individual regions, and London punches well above its own weight in nearly all categories. The biggest employment increases were in ‘professional, scientific and technical’, up 79,700 (14.8 per cent) in London and 72,600 (4.9 per cent) in the rest of the UK. The only category that the ONS pick out where rest of the UK jobs grew faster than London was ‘accommodation and food services’. It is also disturbing to see that even in the public sector category – ‘public administration and defence’ – London job losses are smaller at 2,700 than the rest of the UK at 22,400.
While we might speculate about the regional and industrial allocation of self-employed jobs, these figures for employees are very alarming in their own right. There is here a severe imbalance and something very far from fair.